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Date 2021-04-23


In An Attempt to Contact with Morden Japanese Literature: A Revalution of Zhang Wen-Huan’s Literary Activity from Nationalism


Tseng, Chiu-Kuei

Professor, Department of Japanese, Tamkang University


To observe from the point of nationalism, it’s not only sensible but necessary for us to survey on literature of Zhang Wen-huan as the Kou-Min-Ka literature. If we simply view from this theme, perhaps we would not be able to have a constructive discover about Kou-Min-Ka literature. Then, this research faces the Zhang Wen-Huan’s experience of studying abroad in Japan. Also, it is possible for us to recognize the fact that many literary works in Japanese modern age are projected in his novel works. Thus, we can come to the conclusion as following.

Zhang Wen-Huan is different from the other Taiwanese writers. He suffered in the same way as Natume Souseki who fought with two languages in Japanese modern age. In order to break through the predicament, Zhang Wen-Huan wrote out the sketch of his own life in real fact with the composition of the Japanese as a reference.

In 1940s, during extreme Kou-Min-Ka movement, Zhang Wen-Huan, a celebrity, acting as a supporter, appearing in the public and announced for supporting opinions. However, Zhang Wen-Huan always emphasized the personality, behavior, spirit of self-criticism and the importance of Taiwan independence. He claimed the characteristic of Taiwanese and the modernization of Taiwan culture through the Kou-Min-Ka movement.

Zhang Wen-Huan aimed toward Kou-Min-Ka movement by learning Japanese. Consequently, through the Kou-Min-Ka movement, he tried to aim toward the Taiwan modern times. His attitude and insistence was consistent. It is necessary to look at Kou-Min-Ka literature by separating from the viewpoint of nationalism. In this way, we can revaluate to the literary activity of Zhang Wen-Huan from viewpoint of the Japanese modern literature.

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Bulletin of Taiwanese Literature