Title The "Magical Realism" in the Old Man's Writing: A case study in Huang Chunming and Wang Jenhe's Novels Author Chen, Cheng-Fan Associate Professor, Department of Chinese Languages and Literature, National Chi Nan University Abstract The study of the images of the elderly in Chun-Ming Huang's novels has been favored constantly by academic circles, especially the collection of short novels featuring the aged protagonists: “Setting Free”. Within the collection, stories such as, ‘Hover Between Life and Death’, ‘Spring on the Silver Whiskers’ and ‘The Coming of the Ghost’ which were written in 1998 are particularly prominent in the series of socially realistic novels for their rural legendary characteristics. They also draw people's curiosity about whether works with such interesting and alternative flavors are just a diversified attempt at writing techniques or more profound implications that were hidden behind. In fact, this mystery in the three novels seems to be a continuation of Realismo Mágico, which flourished in Taiwan in the 1980s. If anything is differently remarkable, these novels reflect the rural reality of the post-90s villages which makes Wang Jenhe's “The Mouse Serves a Guest Tea”(1983) even more worthy of mentioning. Unlike other magical realistic works of the 80s, Wang's novel, which has been long recognized in magical realism with South American style, is not concerned with political or historical events, but with the contemporary situation of the rural elders in the city. It is interesting to note that “old people living alone” plays a significant role in Latin American magical realism writing. By looking at these magical realistic novels of two Taiwanese local writers, the paper aims to rethink the issue of old people and conduct a cross-culture dialogue by means of the relevant Latin American novels and explore the localization of magical realism in Taiwan.
Title Exhausted Love: Modern Love and Its Discontents in Yi Sang and Weng Nao's Novels Author Chen, Pei-Jean Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Chengchi University Abstract This paper seeks to examine the colonial ambivalence that embodied in the pursuing of modern love and represented as what I term the “exhausted love” in the colonial daily life of Taiwan and Korea. The discourses on love were explosively produced in the early 20th Century East Asia; conceptions of modern love were created, transformed, and translated into local cultural practices in an effort to modernize the individuals. The writings and columns encompassed free love, marriage, and sexual issues by local intellectuals demonstrate the specificity of interior modernization and addresses complex issues of colonial modernity. However, the modern love is represented as what Elizabeth Povinelli (2006) terms “the intimate event” as a powerful regulative ideal, functions in the colonial situation by tracing how the conceptions of love are produced in the intersection of individual freedom and social bondage. Against this background, this paper focuses on love which fetishized and commodified in/with the literary works and intersected with the (anti-) modern consumption culture. The two novellas that will be examined in this paper－“A Love Story Before Dawn” by Weng Nao and “The Wings” by Yi Sang－were written and published right before Japan’s acceleration of assimilation policy and total war mobilization starting in 1937, and are often regarded as the pinnacle of modernist colonial fiction. These two novellas are narrated through monologues, and best represent the ambivalence of modern individual subjects, who exhausted the possibility of love (the symbol of civilization), as well as the narrative (means of self-representation). As this paper argues, the love of exhaustion is a sign for the reflective thinking on colonial modernity. The colonized exhausted the form and material of being modern, and these experiences of the colonial subjects resulted in a challenge to modernity and its imperialist ideology.
Title Takemoto Osumidayu Ⅲ's Taiwan Tour and the Development of Gidayu Bushi in Taiwan during the Early Japanese Occupation Author Lee, Szu-Han Postdoctoral Project Researcher, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Chengchi University Abstract While on tour Taiwan in 1913, the Gidayu Bushi（義太夫節）artist Takemoto Osumidayu Ⅲ（三世竹本大隅太夫） died of illness in Tainan. His death was a pivotal event in the history of modern bunraku（文樂）. This thesis first reviews the course of Takemoto Osumidayu III’s performance career in Taiwan. Next, the research focuses on the development of gidayu bushi during the Meiji period, using articles on theater performances published in Taiwan Daily News (Taiwan Nichinichi Shinpo) and performing arts magazines to understand gidayu bushi audiences in colonial Taiwan before Takemoto arrived on the island. By unraveling historical data and interpreting relevant literature, the development of gidayu bushi in mainland Japan during the same era is also examined. This research shows how, under the influence of red-light district culture and the popularity of Musume Gidayu（娘義太夫）, Onna Gidayu（女義太夫） became active in the local area and played an important role in the popularization of gidayu bushi in Taiwan under Japanese rule. Onna Gidayu performed in yose and theaters, and also taught and passed down their techniques, serving as promoters of Shiroto Gidayu（素人義太夫）. Due to the prevalence of shiroto gidayu in Taiwan, the close bonds among the performers, and the high degree of artistic appreciation, Takemoto Osumidayu Ⅲ encountered enthusiastic audiences and a stable theatrical market when he came to Taiwan to perform.