Title From Soy Garden Lane to Lugang: The Transnational Narration of the Butcher’s Wife Author Nicole Huang Associate Professor, Chinese Literature and Visual Culture／Department of East Asian Languages and Literature, University of Wisconsin-Madison Abstract In 1945 Shanghai, a sensational murder case—a woman murdering her husband in deep vengeance—generated much public debate in the wartime occupied city. For a generation of young women writers and intellectuals who rose to fame during the war, the murder case was an opportunity to reinstate their leading roles in influencing and reshaping public opinions. Narratives of this murder case traveled in the next few decades, first appearing in a collection about Shanghai memories penned by Chen Dingshan, a popular writer from the Shanghai era, who, like many Chinese of his generation, found himself belonging to a transplanted community in the city of Taipei following the 1949 divide. The narrative was to resurface again in 1980s Taiwan, in Li Ang’s feminist / modernist novel The Butcher’s Wife. Without having possibly known of the social context surrounding the original murder case, and with only Chen Dingshan’s much fictionalized account as the main source of inspiration, Li Ang localizes the motif and paints vivid pictures of the faces and voices surrounding the event and the eyes peeping into the private lives of the individuals in question. This Taiwan narrative thus presents the most eloquent commentary on an episode in Shanghai history of the Republican era.
Title “Developmental” narrative of novels during the late Japanese colonial period and meaning of “new-born” characters Author Choi, Mal-Soon Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Chengchi University Abstract While conducting research on the novels during the late Japanese occupation period, it is common that we particularly pay attention to historical changes of the times, such as the process of Japanese militarization and the construction of Fascist system, causing huge impacts on the literature, especially the instance that the consideration of correlation between Kominka Movement and literature from materials and themes. If literature is said to enrich and honestly reflect the history and society, then it will be appropriate to study by reflection of changes of the times. But observing of existing studies, there are rare treatises that carefully analyze the relation between thought logic of Japanese Fascist and Literary Imagination. The main reason should be that the researchers overemphasized the oppression from Kominka Movement so that imprecisely hold the concrete content of Japanese Fascism aesthetics and thought. The so called literary imagination is generated by contemporary discussion of any domain. Therefore, if it is correctly hold that the actual content of dominant discussion at the time, and how it influence the literature to form special recognition of the time and sensation structure, then relations between the dominant discussion and the literature in multiple level will be known. As a result, internal correlation between temporal situation and literature can be properly inspected. Having this concept in mind, based on novels in the 40’s the late Japanese colonial period the article focuses on narrative structures and characters and their situation variations, to look for the distinct appearance from the early novels and discover the relation between discussion of control in the late Japanese colonial period. Furthermore, the article discusses Blue Cloud by Lung Ying-Chung and Chen Huo-Chuan Road in view of discussion of technology, which was not been proposed in the academic circle, so that to investigate more carefully about embedded meanings of variation of narrative method and the meaning of new-born characters, looking forward to presenting the contemporary recognition and the reflected image of Taiwan literature during the late Japanese colonial period.
Title The Mirror and Lamp of “立(Li)” in Taiwan─The Modernization Social Change Writings in “Province Administration Literature Series” Author Guo, Ze-Kuan Assistant Professor, Department of Taiwan and Regional Studies, National Dong Hwa University Abstract “Province Administration Literature Series” is the works that News Bureau of Taiwan Province invited writers in the province to write literature subjects to propagate the provincial public construction achievements form 1965. The pieces with number of these Series of works are total 74 kinds till 1980. The works have recorded Taiwan modernization social change by literature. It is a Mirror. Because of the publications by Province Administration and the writers’ passion, the works all have the clear ideality and happy ending. It is also a Lamp, the guidelines lamp of Taiwan modernization development. In Hwang, Re-Yu’s historical writings, Hwang usually use the “立(Li)”as the metaphor to explain the modernization social change that are between the superstructure and substructure restructuring, the most important key are building the intermediate structure and provides the management, service between both. Then, superstructure and substructure could establish contact inseparably. This literature series works propagate the government administration achievements; also describe the capabilities and contribution about intermediate structures such as Farmer Organization, Fishman Organization, the basic officers etc. This comes up to the Hwang’s theory. This paper studies to this literature series works and will illustrate the writing about modernization social change in this series works, will come up to the phenomenon of the “立(Li)” forming. That is the mirror and lamp of Taiwan modernization social change.
Title New Village Lost and Found: Friendship among Yang Kui, Yasuo Tanaka, Haruhiko Nyuta and their Literary Thoughts and Practices Author Chen, Shu-Jung Postdoctoral Fellow, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Tsing Hua University Abstract This article studies Yang Kui’s design and creation of Shouyang Farm. This project, this article argues, had intellectual connection with Saneatsu Mushanokoji “Atarashiki mura” (new village) movement. Beginning with the discussion of Saneatsu Mushanokoji’s “The Five Short Pieces of Writing” published on “Taiwan Shimbun” (Taiwan News) during Japanese colonialism, this article examines Yang Kui’s novel “Newspaper Boy”, and, especially, its circulation. Astounded by the story of Yasuo Tanaka, a leftist and editor in Taiwan News, and his friend Haruhiko Nyuta, a follower of Saneatsu Mushanokoji who was known for his “Atarashiki mura” campaign in prewar continent Japan, sought and established rapport with the author. Both causes emphasized mutual help and work/study in the farm. During the War, Yang Kui held on to his belief and ideal by practicing in Shouyang Farm while Saneatsu Mushanokoji abandoned his anti-war initiative and Haruhiko Nyuta committed suicide to let death keep his self. However, as the War further escalated, the practice and discourse of Shouyang Farm fell prey to the war propaganda for production and mobilization. Yang Kui closed the farm in 1944. After the War, Yang Kui rebuilt Yiyang Farm Donghai Garden to continue his prewar spirit of social involvement through farm life. His desire for an ideal life of work/study in the farm as body practice never disappeared throughout his lifetime.
Title Indigenous Writing in Tseng Kuei-Hai’s Poetry Author Chien, Ming-Hung Lecturer, Language Education Center, Fooyin University Abstract Tseng Kuei-Hai (1946-), a Taiwanese contemporary poet, uses poetic language as the vehicle of his discourse. Facing the problem of cultural hybridity and the context of a diaspora, he explores the loss and restoration of the cultural identity of the Pingpu Tribe and other indigenous peoples, and attempts to heal the collective cultural trauma through disenchantment as well as narrative identity. In the cross-boundary writing of ethnic cultures, he simulates the mythology and rituals of the indigenous peoples both to invoke cultural memory and to ponder the deep significance of identification. In addition, he liberates the instrumental bondage of Chinese language for a new manipulation of cultural translation, while deconstructing the permeation and varieties of hybridity as a postcolonial strategy. The interpretation of the text of his works, after repeated dialectics, reveals Tseng Kuei-Hai’s ultimate goal of a renaissance for the renewed people of Taiwan.