Title The Widows House: the Japanese Language Literature and Soseki's “ Kokoro”(Heart) Author Lee, Yu-Hui Full-Time Chinese Language Instructor, Faculty of Economy, Ritsumeikan University Abstract This article is seeking to make clear how Japanese language literature by writers born in Taiwan or Korea under the colonization of Japan is related to Japanese modern literature. It is usually stated from a historical or political opinion but is little concerned with the representation within texts. For it, I will first try to compare the works by the Taiwanese with a one by the Korean and find similar themes. Such a theme is that a colonized hero goes to Japan native land to receive a higher education and rents a room from a Japanese family that has no father, just a mother and a daughter. He always falls for the daughter but feels a complex as colonized people. This is very interesting because it is also an important motive of Japanese modern literature especially the work of Soseki: “Kokoro”, etc. In comparison with “Kokoro”, Taiwanese and Korean heroes have been accepted and expected as a replacement of the fathers who were officers and died in the war, but they all decided to leave in the end. After analysis, the reason why they have to leave even if in fact they desire to stay there is connected with that it is hard to take the lead place of a father in a widow’s house. In other words, the widow’s house just represents a Japan that tries to cheat them into being Japanese because of language, but on the other hand sets them apart because they do not have Japanese blood. With this representation, we can also come to a new conclusion that the widow’s house of “Kokoro” is meaningful.
Title The Politics of Blood Author Hironobu Hoshina Mo, Su-Wei (Translator) Associate Professor, University of Ryukyu Lecturer, China Institute of Technology Abstract In this paper, I tried to examine a statement of the blood in Taiwan under reign of the Japanese Colonial Government. As a result, I interpreted the literary works in the War as a product under the influence of the contradictory of the policies for Kominka (imperialization) and eugenics pushed with the colonial government.
Title Modernization and Citizenship──Medication Issues in Shou Kin-Ha's Short Story “Trench Ulcer” Author Mo, Su-Wei Lecturer, China Institute of Technology Abstract This article is intending to reveal the three connecting factors, i.e., modernization, citizenship and state power in Shou Kin Ha's novel “Trench Ulcer”, which constantly existed in his series of works, through re-examining the colonial consciousness and strategies in the era. Evidenced by the fact that an intern citizenship, including the doctor/author himself, was accidentally created by the colonial authority in the process of modernization frequently contemplated by the writer in his work, the colonial literature, including the so-called Komin Literature, is therefore arguably to pertain the character incorporates a mutation derived from the subjective consciousness formulated in the process of being ruled and assimilated.
Title Cultural Imagination and National Discussion of Foreign Domains──Critical Analysis of Lin Xian-tang's “ The Voyage Around the World” Author Chang, Huei-Chen Lecturer, Department of Chinese Literature, National Chengchi University Abstract Lin Xian-tang, from 1881 to 1956, was born into a wealthy family in Wu-fong, Taichung. Having experienced the political turnovers of the Manchu Dynasty, Japanese occupation and the Taiwan Republic, he devoted his whole life to Taiwanese nationalist movement, with the deeds of his life closely related to the vagary political situation. After the disruption of the Taiwan Cultural Association in 1927, Mr. Lin traveled around Europe and the United States with his two sons, with the intention of following the footsteps of Liang Qi-chao in examining and exploring the political states of different countries, so as to impel future political career. The journey around the world lasted a year, inclusive of over a dozen countries across Europe and the United States. Combing the knowledge and impression of his travel, he completed the book “The Voyage Around the World.” In a way, this twenty-thousand–word voyage is a collection of Lin Xian-tang’s journey around the world, and what he learned, at the age of forty-nine Generalizing his knowledge, intelligence and sentiments as a middle-aged man, the book itself is indispensable to the study of Lin Xian-tang. More importantly, this book is an actual record of how Taiwanese, during the Japanese occupation, marched toward the outside world seeking for realization of nationalism and modernism. Thus, “The Voyage Around the World” surpasses general travel books in terms of literary value, while being especially burdening, but enriching at the same time, to its readers. Accordingly, my dissertation will analyze and discuss the center of “The Voyage Around the World,” in turn bring out the world view and national impression of Lin Xian-tang, and how his cultural imagination and national discussion were represented through the travel journal.
Title Chi Chun Prose and It's Position of Female writing in the 1950's and 1960's Author Frances Chang Associate Professor, Department of Chinese Literature, Feng Chia University Abstract Ih-Giene's (Surname: Pan Shih-Jan 1917- ) prose, as the contemporary Taiwanese feminine representative, was characterized by softening feelings, as famous as Chug Shiu Iah's and Aih-wen's. The former and its relevant viewpoints, as had been looked as “Essential culture” and “Main stream vale” in 50's, like anti-Communism writer's, like Juh-Shi-Nuun's. Both the feminine characteristics and political agreement, the female writers' creation, backed up by extraordinary normalization, got a huge room for literature development. By listing in the table, the present literature shows precisely the fist generation of feminine writers, who were immigrated from Mainland China, their creative positions in literature and their background and interpersonal relationships. Centered by Ih-Giene and Lin Hai-Ih, the Taiwan feminine writer association was most popular in '50s. By the privilege offered from government, they developed their characters for beauty description, definitely different from those for anti-Communism. General saying, more than thirty volumes of prose, authorized by Ih-Giene, made a big effect in the Taiwanese literature field in '60s and '70s. Before the dominance of Taiwanese native feminine writers in mid-'70, Ih-Giene's prose had been symbolized as the super –era values of globalization and Midway and appeared as a never decayed model for the contemporary feminine prose.
Title A Study on the Film Adaptation of Taiwan Native Literature (1970s-1980s)──Emphasis on Identity and National Imagined Community Author Huang, Yi-Kuan Lecturer, Department of Taiwan Languages and Communication, National United University Abstract This thesis aims to analyze the relation between film and literature in 1970s-1980s in Taiwan, and attempts to compare the four works of fiction and their film adaptation. Since the 1970s, the series of international events affected Taiwan’s intenrnational status. the adverse international arena made a crisis consciousness among the citzens and the intellectuals. They were concerned with Taiwan’s politics and transition from an agricultural economy to commercial one. As the social consciousness raged on, more literary works and films described the impact of economic change on the lives of the most vulnerable of the society. As a result, it created a trend and tenor of the native-soil movement and the native-soil literature debate in1977. After the debate the issue of nativist literature and films expanded into ideological conflicts between modernism/ nativism, westernization /nationalism, economic imperialism/economic autonomy. This thesis attempts to illustrate the connection between the nativist literature, Taiwanese health realism films and Taiwanese new cinema films. Nuclear to this study was a comparative study between four works of Taiwanese native-soil fiction, published mainly between the 1960s to 1970s, and their film adaptations produced in the 1970s-1980s. According to the point of view, this paper examined the alteration that had occurred in the film in reference to the following variables: setting, characterization, plot , music, and other alteration. Although the emphasis of the study is on the impact of social changes on film adaptations, this study also focus on the rhetoric of film such as point of view, tone and symbolism.