Title Gendered Modernity: Female Characterization in the Works of Xu Kunquan and Wu Mansha Author Lin, Pei-Yin Assistant Professor, School of Chinese, University of Hong Kong Abstract Research on Taiwanese literature under Japanese rule has been fruitful over the past few years. Scholars have adopted multiple approaches, and paid substantial attention to popular narratives. Existing scholarship examines Taiwan’s Chinese-language popular novels of the 1930s from various angles, including topographic imagination, market awareness, female’s voice, and genre studies. Overall scholars agree that those works exhibit efforts to enlighten the people and concern for women’s roles, and regard such features positively. However, the authors’ gendered visions of modernity and the hyperbolic rhetoric prevalent in their writing warrant further scrutiny. This article will discuss the female characters in Xu Kunquan’s Loveable Rivals (Ke’ai de chouren), and New Mencius’ Mother (Xin mengmu), and Wu Mansha’s Chives Flowers (Jiucai hua) and Peach Blossom River (Taohua jiang). It will examine the characterization of females in those texts, and both authors’ common melodramatic narrative mode. It will argue that the two novelists’ views of modernity are gendered. In other words, the two male writers express their ambivalence toward modernity through highlighting the stark contrast between virtuous women and morally degraded women in their works. By offering a female-centric reading, this essay will point out those texts’ patriarchal moral standards and the imbalanced structure in which moral discourses appear more dominant than sensual/erotic narratives discount their possible implications of enlightening the people and concerns for women. Yet paradoxically, Xu’s and Wu’s quasi-conservative attitudes toward modernity may as well be considered modern in an alternative way. The tension between the moralistic narratives – revealed through criticizing the “decadent” urban life, and promoting conditional free love – and (female-focused) sensual/erotic depictions in fact not only enhance those works’ stylistic charms but also endow the seemingly “anti-modern” instruction-centric rhetoric in those novels with a “modern” twist which reflects how authors like Xu and Wu have negotiated with and responded to Taiwan’s social change at that time.
Title From Communicative Memory to Cultural Memory: Writings about Beiping Homesickness in Taiwan Food Literature (1960-1980s) Author Chen, Yu-Jen Assistant Professor, Department of Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature, National Taiwan Normal University Abstract This article explores food literature from the 1960s to 1980s published in Taiwan, focusing on writings on Beiping homesickness, which is a significant theme during this period. Shedding lights on the social aspects of food literature, this article argues that food writings constitute a space where communicative memory can be formed and further transformed into cultural memory which can be passed down from generation to generation. The process that communicative memory can be transformed into cultural memory involves in the textualization and intellectualization of memory, the social networks of these writers, and the shared cultural identity embodied in their strong yearn for Beiping. These writers viewed Beiping as their hometown while some of them were not born in this city. While the concepts of “communicative memory vs. cultural memory” elaborated by the German scholar Jan Assmann has provided insightful analytical scheme, this research of Taiwan food literature further suggests that bodily memory is also key to understand the formation of food memory since eating, dining and cooking are behaviors achieved by body and sensual perceptions. Through the bodily memories, cultural memories are practiced and acted as a form of knowledge, strengthening the value of “traditional foodways” represented in food literature.
Title Literary Review and Modern Literature under the U.S. Aid Literary Institution Author Wang, Mei-Hsiang PhD. Candidate, Institute of Sociology, National Tsing Hua University Abstract In the discourse of existing history of Taiwan Literature, U.S. Power intervened the Taiwan literary scene by means of patronage, which meant that USIS of Taipei sponsored the publication of literary magazines－Literary Review and Modern Literature. However, the relationship between USIS of Taipei and these two publications never be clarified. By means of using the files of National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), which was the first application for data release in academic unit, this paper tried to explain that these two publications played the role of literary tools for propaganda toward the Southeast Asia under the U.S. literary institution except the stereotypes of the academic journal and Modernist Literature. Literary Review was one of Chinese-Language Program and an unattributed monthly journal of Taipei USIS; Modern Literature was also supported and broadcast by this unit. Through the research, the paper re-examined and revised the position of Literary Review, and placed these two publications in the propaganda structure of postwar cultural Cold War. It argues that the so-called “pure” literary journals in the face of “depolitical” or ” ultra-utilitarian” conduct anti-communist political propaganda toward the Chinese intellectuals in Southeast Asia under the operation of U.S. Aid literary institution.
Title Whirl Lan Legendary Landscape of Western Pacific Seaside: Try Research "Forest of Braves" Legends of Shoufeng Shueilian Fanshuliao Author Peng, Yen-Lun Associate Professor, Department of Chinese Language and Literature, National Dong Hwa University Abstract Bordering the Western Pacific coastal region of Hualien Shoufong Township Shueilian Village Fanshuliao has a canyon comparable Taroko Gorge, In this spread, “Forest of Braves” legends, a part of the legendary aboriginal Amis, tell how steep canyon from bamboo forest: or from the campaign leader, compete beauty, consolidate sites, a bamboo forest, different attitude. Unique landscape plus exclusive legends are telling Amis spirit. This article aims to discuss different text of “Forest of Braves” legends, explore the meaning of which bears, as well as elements of the legend of how the formation.