Title The Etymological Contribution of 3-6-9 Tabloid Author Yang, Hsiu-Fang Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwan Literature, National Taiwan University Abstract Under Japanese rule, the self-consciousness of mother tongue was aroused among the native Taiwanese by the crisis of language extinction. As a publication of Taiwanese mother tongue, 3-6-9 Tabloid had shown its strong tendency towards nationalism and its respect for mother tongue by providing a series of Taiwanese vernacular columns, and, consequently, helped to bring about the passion of studying the original Chinese characters of Taiwanese words. The results of these studies could be found in 3-6-9 Tabloid’s vernacular columns. This paper examines some original characters suggested by Lian Yatang and the other writers of the tabloids. By using the method of historical linguistics, as well as the evidences of textual semantics, riming and verbal parallelism in “New Chinese Poem Writing Guide”(〈新聲律啟蒙〉), it finds that the cases of「切心」, 「變罔」,「激忤人」, and「曓(暴)」are justifiable, and turn out to be correct. Furthermore, the historical developments of these words could be satisfactorily reconstructed according to the etymons suggested by the Tabloid.
Title The Cooperation between the Chinese Writer Yang Feng and the Taiwanese Writer Yang Kui during the Early Postwar Period Author Huang, Hui-Chen Associate Professor, Department of Taiwan Language and Communication, National United University Abstract Yang Feng, whose original name was Yang Ching-ming, was from Sichuan and probably was born in 1924. In June 1946, he came to Taiwan for the first time as a journalist and went back to Mainland China before the 228 Incident occurred. In the second half year of 1947, he came to Taiwan again to serve as a Chinese teacher at Taiwan Provincial Ilan Senior Agricultural Vocational School. He left Taiwan’s literary world since he went to Beiping in August 1948. Yang Feng and Yang Kui first met each other at the tea party held for the writers of the supplement “Bridge” in Taiwan Shin Sheng Daily News on 28th March 1948, and they have decided to work together for the improvement of literary and artistic movement in Taiwan when they met again on the next day. What made Yang Feng and Yang Kui, who had never known each other before, decide to join together at the second-time meeting? What was their cooperative plan for the future development of Taiwan literature? How did they accomplish the follow-up project? To collate Yang Feng’s literary materials is undoubtedly a necessary and the most important job to unveil the mystery. Accordingly, I have compiled and cataloged Yang Feng’s handwriting materials which have been collected to date, and also has widely searched his literary works from the newspapers and magazines which were published after the war. The paper starts from investigating Yang Feng’s background as well as his participation of literary activities through his diaries, handwritings and published works. Furthermore, the paper also compares Yang Feng’s literary idea with Yang Kui’s further in order to clarify the thought basis and the social background of their cooperation and communication. We can thereby explore the key point of literature reconstruction in Taiwan after the war, the respective literary standpoints of Yang Feng, a writer who came to Taiwan from Mainland China, and Yang Kui, a native Taiwanese writer. Finally, the ideal blueprint that they had made together for the development of Taiwan literature will be brought to light.
Title The Reality of Emerging Colonial Citys ─ a Study upon Tsai Chiu-Tung’s (蔡秋桐) “An Emerging Sadness(新興的悲哀)＂ and Chae Man-Sik’s(蔡萬植) A muddy Stream(濁流) Author Choi, Mal-Soon Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Chengchi University Abstract Urbanization, which was started from 19th century, has been rapidly continuing in fast and complex form till today. Literature has yet started to take notice of the essential urban problem, when facing the fierce urbanizing trend in life, and investigated the impact on human life and the value, etc. of urbanization. In general, all aspects in daily life can be seen in the growing influence of capitalism. In the specific historical stage that nation strongly intervene the civil society, urbanization and urban space inevitably follows intense political domination. Taking Japan colonial period as an instance, the formation and development of modern cities in Taiwan and Korea are more or less influenced by Japanese colonial policies, such as the importation and the following expansion of colonial capitalism caused the problem of disunion of social classes and ethnic differences. The political issue was more direct and severe than any other historical stages hereafter. This article is based on the Taiwanese novel Tsai, Chiu-Tung’s(蔡秋桐)〈An Emerging Sadness(新興的悲哀)〉 and Korean novel Chae, Man-Sik’s(蔡萬植) 《A muddy Stream(濁流)》 in Japan colonial period. The novels had investigated the construction process of emerging colonial city, structural characteristics of urban space, and the lifestyle and spiritual awareness of people in the Japanese colony. Both Taiwan and Korea two nations were governed by Japanese colonialism, and promoted the construction of colonial cities under the domination of Japan. Therefore, by selection of two urban novels that had commonly discussed the colonial city constructed by Japanese colonialism, to analyze the contrast between the two nations of relationship of colonial city and lifestyle of the people, becomes necessary and profoundly significant.
Title Masugi Shizue’s Homeland/Outland: “Colonial Taiwan” in “Daughter” and “A Woman’s Life” Author Wu, Pei-Chen Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Chengchi University Abstract Previous studies on the formation of Masugi Shizue’s image focused mainly on her biographies, which were all published posthumously. However, Masugi’s autobiographical novels were in direct contrast to those biographies, biographical novels and criticisms which stressed that she was a “wicked woman.” Daughter and A Woman’s Life were autobiographical novels that were published from pre-war to post-war periods, and depicted her life experience in colonial Taiwan. Daughter mainly describes her reconciliation with her mother upon her return to her “home” in colonial Taiwan after running away for sixteen years. A Woman’s Life describes a woman named “Shizue”, Masugi’s real name too, as she looks back on her own love affairs, family matters, her “home” in colonial Taiwan, and the defeat of Japan. This novel mixes historical realities with her individual history. These two autobiographical novels also show colonial Taiwan under Japanese rule. This is where her parents’ home was located, and where Masugi spent her teenage years. This paper will examine the relationship between the formation of Masugi’s image and colonial Taiwan, as well as how colonial Taiwan became an icon related to her memory of her mother.
Title A Historical Imagination of the Multitude: Modernity and Theater in Japanese Colonial Taiwan Author Wang, Chun-Yen Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwan Literature and Transnational Cultural Studies, National Chung Hsing University Abstract This paper aims to articulate a historical imagination of the multitude, which is yet to be named in scholarship, by looking at local performances of theater during the Japanese colonial period of Taiwan in the 1920s. The paper argues that the multitude who can be found in the local performances exceed the discourse of colonial modernity by looking into the problematic of colonial modernity and historicism. Audiences of Baizixi and Gezaixi serve an example of the multitude that represents different significance from the concepts of“people” or “the masses” under the imagination of modernity of the colonial regime or the colonized intellectuals. This paper argues that the re-articulation of the multitude helps historicize xiqu (Chinese music drama) by re-examining the drama that used to be seen as a particular and apolitical form of aesthetics. It also helps challenge the epistemological rupture between xiqu and xiju (modern drama).
Title A Preliminary Investigation on Formation and Structure of Bunun Literature Author Wei, Yi-Chun Assistant Professor, Department of Sinophone Literature, National Dong Hwa University Abstract The accomplishment of contemporary Bunun literary narratives, creations, and writings, including the three communication modes: singing and talking in oral literature, writing in writer literature, and digitalizing in cyberspace literature, has equipped with, from either a quantitative or qualitative perspective, the outlines for compiling ‘History of Bunun Literature’. This paper explores the current accomplishment of ‘Bunun literature’ in relation to the structure significance of ‘History of Bunun literature’ in the future, as well as attempts to figure out the similarities and differences between ‘Bunun literature’ and the literature of other indigenous peoples. While working on many a Bunun indigenous literary writer’s cultural and identity development, this paper also studies Bunun narrative oral literature, writer literature, and their contextual and structural relations, in order to understand formation and structure of ‘Bunun literature’ in different social and cultural spaces. The scope of investigation in this paper focuses on the following three overlapping aspects: (1) Bunun-born literary creative writers and the significance reflected by the writers’ life stories; (2) historical memories revealed by textual spaces and trails of cultural imagination and social adaptation; and (3) the map of choices made by Bunun-born literary creative writers for cultural practice strategies and literary communicative modes. Such an exploration of the rich ‘Bunun literature’ is considered as a key step for structuring ‘history of ethnic literature’ for Taiwan indigenous peoples.