Title The Formation of a Taiwanese National Consciousness during the 1920s Taiwan: An Examination of Chen Wangcheng’s Diary (1912-1930) Author Tzeng, Shih-Jung Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Cheng-Chi University Abstract This article represents an attempt to use numerous volumes of mostly unpublished diaries, viewed as private forms of ego documents, as the main source for examining identity-centered issues. Using the private diary of a Taiwanese intellectual, Chen Wangcheng, I have examined how Taiwanese national consciousness emerged under the Japanese rule in the 1920s. The examined case suggests that Chen’s mental and ideological world experienced a radical reconstruction, between 1920 and 1925, which was followed by an emergence of his sense of Taiwanese national consciousness in the late 1920s. Chen’s sense of Taiwanese national consciousness was created via an empirical construction, on the one hand, through the working of the politico-social networks, and via an abstract construction through the spread of print-capitalism on the other.
Title Narration, Representation, Enlightenment: The Cultural Significance of Lin Xian-tang’s Diaries in 1927 and Travel Notes Around the World Author Lin, Shu-Hui Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature, National Taiwan Normal University Abstract As one of the elite intellectuals of Taiwan during the first half of the twentieth century, Lin Xian-tang sits on a prominent position in the field of cultural history of Taiwan. His large volumes of diaries recorded many significant historical incidents and events of Taiwan, and his personal opinions in the diaries are also of great values. He was the first Taiwanese intellectual to take extensive travels to the European countries and the United States during the Japanese occupation; therefore, his travel notes are the richest among his contemporaries and treasures for the academic studies. The significance and impact of Lin Xian-tang’s diaries and travel notes to Taiwan literature and culture studies are the emphasis of this essay. The following essay will mostly refer to Lin Xian-tang’s diaries in 1927, his book Travel Notes around the World and other concepts and theories on travel experiences and narration. The discussion will involve three themes, “Self-narration from the diaries to the travel notes”, “The reemergence of the historical memories of the world”, “The discussion of the cultural enlightenment in the diaries and the travel notes”.
Title A Master Who Sets the Role Model by His Own Practices, BaLiwakes : His Personality, Morals, and Era Author Sun, Ta-Ch’uan(Paelabang danapan) Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of Taiwanese Literature, National Cheng-Chi University Abstract This paper is the study of the life story of the Puyuma elder, BaLiwakes (Chinese name Lu Sen-Bao). Taking different perspectives and time periods into account, including indigenous community (tribe), Japanese colonial rule, the ROC regime, and Catholic faith, this paper aims to understand the formation of his personality, the transition that his people experienced, and the historical destiny that his people faced. Meanwhile, this paper tries to fill the century-old blank in the history of Taiwan’s spiritual development by analyzing BaLiwakes’s personal life experience, and to propel the study of Taiwan’s aboriginal literatures to the period of Japanese colonial rule.
Title End of WWII: Taiwan in the Days Before and After August 1945 Author Hsu, Hsueh-Chi Research Fellow& Director, Institute of Taiwan History, Academia Sinica Abstract This paper explores the situation of Taiwan in the days before and after August 15, 1945, on which the Second World War ended. By reviewing the personal diaries of Wu Pingcheng（吳平城）, Yang Jizhen（楊基振）, and Yang Yingfeng （楊英風）, who lived overseas, as well as those of Lin Hsien T’ang（林獻堂）, Ng Ong Seng（黃旺成）and Huang Jitu（黃繼圖）, Wu Xinrong（吳新榮）, Wu Hongqi （吳鴻麒）, who lived in Taiwan, the author examines the response of Taiwanese in the days prior to and in the aftermath of the surrender of Japan. Past official records often painted a picture of Taiwanese rejoicing over the end of Japanese colonization and the return of Taiwan to China. However, the diaries of Taiwanese, both local and abroad, seemed to reflect a more complex emotion over the defeat of Japan and the victory of China. The elation over the end of war was mixed with apprehension of the uncertain future. While diaries detail the serial records of a person’s life, they also serve as first-rate information sources for historical research. From the diaries of the above individuals, we can see their different feelings towards the surrender of Japan, and at the same time, we can establish a collective memory concerning the end of WWII.
Title Adapting to the Metropolitan Way of Life: Taiwanese Memoirs in Japan Author Ann Heylen Associate Professor, Graduate Instisute of Taiwan Culture, Languages & Literature, National Taiwan Noramal University Abstract Late 19th century imperial expansion constituted one of the hallmarks with a lasting impact on the international order. The exportation of new “modern”, “civilized” ideas became a global movement. Within this process of cultural transfer, one cannot fail to pay attention to the encounters between coloniser and colonised. Said otherwise, the manner in which Taiwan entered the global world was conditioned by its Japanese colonial experience (1895-1945). This colonial legacy continued to live on in the post-Japanese-colonial period, and still plays a significant role as to how Taiwanese society at present positions itself in the global world. In between the exportation of modern and new ideas, displacement from the Taiwan periphery to the Japanese center and subsequent cultural encounter, we may discern some of the commonalities which arise from sharing about the collapse of traditional ways to interpreting anew one’s own tradition and culture. As shall be demonstrated, through the passage of “becoming Japanese” and equaling modernity with Japaneseness, Taiwanese students and young professionals in Japan discovered and challenged the core of their identity in a cultural and social dialogue as framed and nurtured by the logic proper to early 20th century globalization. I have selected Taiwanese autobiographies or Memoirs as a particular genre of literary writings that enables us to disclose some features of Taiwan’s globalization process. Illustrations are drawn from the narratives of the following authors: Zhang Shenqie, Yang Zhaojia, Du Congming, and Chen Yisong.
Title The Evaluation of Colonial Test: An Analysis of A Town with Papaya Tree Author Wang, Hui-Chen Associate Professor, Institute of Taiwan Literature, National Tsing-Hua University Abstract Comment material bases on the novel, “ A Town with Papaya Tree” the colonial text after awarding the prize, discussing the accepting process to colonist and others been colonized. In the hope of understanding how they read and appraised the novel, pay close attention to the history, investigate the background setting and then analyze the acceptation and dispute of the central literary circle and the colonized literary circle. The thesis will reconsider the relationship between author, text and reader. The reading comprehension of Japanese and Taiwanese readers about the text, evoke many different interpretations, own in reader’s thoughts and expectation difference. Hence, the thesis will display the writing background of the text first. Moreover, discuss the motivation in Long, Ying-zong’s writing and describe the theme. Finally, talk about readers in Japan and in Taiwan how to comprehend it. In the colonial text history acceptation, emerge Japanese and Taiwanese readers’ diversity of criticisms. The thesis tries to understand colonial authors living in the crack of the two worlds, how to publish and how to live are all embarrassed.